Extension

The research programs are successful when they are taken out to the field and implemented.  The present project therefore put forths efforts for a strong extension activity by the extension workers.

Awareness programs/training programs for participants (farmers-male and female): In order to encourage and motivate farm men and women in biofuel activities on-campus and off-campus training programs were conducted. Necessary information was provided to the trainees with materials such as brouchers, pamphlets etc. The participation of women in the training programs was encouraging and accounted for about 50%. More than 12,000 trainees were trained during the initial two years of the project. Overall 1231 training and awareness camps were conducted.

Table-1: Awareness / training programme conducted

Particulars No. of Programs Composition of Participants
Male Female Total
2007-08
On Campus   20   476   140    616
Off Campus 339 7575 4473 12048
TOTAL 359 8051 4613 12664
2008-09
On Campus   25   667   157     824
Off Campus 340 6615 6400 13015
TOTAL 365 7282 6557 13839
2009-10
On Campus   36   570   593   1163
Off Campus 197 3128 3696   6824
TOTAL 233 3698 4289   7987
2010-11
On Campus   21   545   203    748
Off Campus 137 1739 1922  3661
TOTAL 158 2284 2125  4409
2011-12
On Campus   52 1371   677   2048
Off Campus   64   822   940   1762
TOTAL  116 2193 1617   3810
GRAND TOTAL 1231 23508 19201 42709

There are eight taluks in Hassan district of Karnataka state. Overall, 1231 training programmes were conducted in five years: 186 programmes in Alur, 165 in Arasikere, 41 in Arkalgud, 185 in Belur, 115 in Channarayapatna, 245 in Hassan, 42 in Holenarsipura and 98 in Sakleshpura taluk.

Table-2: Taluk wise bio-fuel training programs

Taluk 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 TOTAL
Alur   68 59 23 20 16 186
Arasikere   45 49 30 27 14 165
Arakalagud   11 15 15 0 0   41
Belur   39 47 58 34  7 185
Channarayapatna   30 52 17 10  6 115
Hassan 122 68 19 30  6 245
Holenarasipura   16  4 12 0 10   42
Sakaleshpura    8 46 23 16  5   98
On Campus   20 25 36 21 52 154
TOTAL 359 365 233 158 116 1231

Distribution of bio-fuel species to farmers: The most important species identified for biofuel programme for Hassan district are pongamia, neem, jatropha, mahua and simarouba.  These tree species with high seed yield and high seed oil content were selected across the state and seedlings were raised in nursery. These saplings were inoculated with VA mycorrhizae in nursery for better growth and establishment in farmer’s field. About 14, 02, 078 seedlings were distributed to farmers and also planted in 17,558 acres of land.

Table-3: Distribution of bio-fuel species to farmers in Hassan district

Sl. No. Year Amoora Hippe Jatropha Neem Pongamia Simarouba Surahonne TOTAL
1 2007-08 Seedlings 0 2215 74129 16881 39417 2213 0 134855
Acres 0 89 74 281 493 28 0 964
2 2008-09 Seedlings 0 53403 144210 54281 143142 31582 0 426618
Acres 0 2136 144 905 1789 395 0 5369
3 2009-10 Seedlings 0 53051 124147 41457 153556 98281 0 470492
Acres 0 2122 124 691 1919 1229 0 6085
4 2010-11 Seedlings 120 27303 57381 37068 78455 57307 485 258119
Acres 2 1092 57 618 981 716 6 3472
5 2011-12 Seedlings 274 5905 16180 7670 12806 6205 704 49744
Acres 3 236 16 128 160 78 9 630
  TOTAL Seedlings 394 141877 416047 157357 427376 195588 1189 1339828
Acres 5 5675 416 2623 5342 2445 15 16521

Seedlings were also distributed to various institutions across Hassan district for planting in the premises of educational institutions such as schools and colleges. The school children were also involved enthusiastically in planting activities.

Table-4: Seedlings distributed to other institutions in Hassan district

Species  Jatropha Neem Pongamia Simarouba Hippe Total
2007-08 3710 1673 3686 54 136 9259
2008-09 2000 1000 3000 1468 1500 8968
2009-10 285 137 739 40387 225 41773
2010-11 2250 2250
2011-12
Total 5995 2810 7425 1909 1882 62250

Farmers associations: Under extension activities much emphasis was laid on systematic collection of seeds from farmers, streamlining of network for collection of seeds and oil extraction etc. To achieve this, the team collectively brought all interested farmers under farmers associations. The formation of such farmers associations is a major achievement of the project. These associations are actively involved in seed procurement and oil extraction in a decentralized pattern. About 435 such farmers associations have been formed in Hassan district encompassing all the eight taluks.

Table-5: Abstract of farmers association of Biofuel Project taluk-wise

Sl. No. Taluk 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 TOTAL
1 Alur 17 19 36 15 4 91
2 Arasikere 3 12 25 16 4 60
3 Arakalagud 0 7 16 0 0 23
4 Belur 2 16 35 10 3 66
5 Channarayapatna 1 16 19 5 5 46
6 Hassan 7 25 47 16 4 99
7 Holenarasipura 1 1 8 0 4 14
8 Sakaleshpura 0 7 23 6 0 36
  TOTAL 31 103 209 68 18 435

Complete Biofuel village: The concept of designated “Complete Biofuel Village” has come with an idea to involve every house hold in a village to contribute towards bio-fuels by planting at least one single bio-fuel species. The sincere efforts of the extension staff under the bio-fuel programme brought 70 villages under the concept “Compete Bio-fuel Village” in Hassan district.

Table-6: Complete Biofuel Villages in Hassan district, Karnataka in different years

Taluk 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 Total
Alur 9 6 6 21
Arakalagud 1 2 0 3
Arasikere 4 2 2 8
Belur 2 3 1 6
Channarayapatna 3 1 0 4
Hassan 5 5 2 12
H.N. Pura 1 2 0 3
Sakaleshpura 7 3 3 13
TOTAL 32 24 14 70

Along with these activities awareness and training programmes were also conducted at Grama panchayath levels. A number of meetings were organized with panchayath heads for their active involvement in bio-fuel program.  During such meetings, villagers showed their willingness to take-up bio-fuel activities along with their routine agriculture.

Table-7: Number of  Grampanchayaths (GP) in different taluks under bio-fuel programme

Villages of Hassan District
Taluk Total No of GP No. of Villages Total No of GP Covered No of Villages Completely Covered GP No of Villages Covered GP No. of Villages Pending To be Done GP No of Villages Balance
Alur 15 251 9 158 4 74 5 49 35 6 93 128
Arakalagudu 29 266 11 109 5 44 6 36 29 18 157 186
Arasikere 45 418 30 302 13 106 17 137 59 15 116 175
Belur 34 366 17 160 15 132 2 24 4 17 206 210
Channarayapatna 40 408 26 261 14 141 12 91 29 14 147 176
Hassan 40 412 30 334 22 234 8 81 19 10 78 97
Holenarasipura 26 217 11 89 5 41 6 40 8 15 128 136
Sakleshpura 26 246 12 118 4 35 8 45 38 14 128 166
Total 255 2584 146 1531 82 807 64 503 221 109 1053 1274

 

Table-8: Taluk-wise participation of farmers in Hassan district, Karnataka

2008-09 2009-10
Male Female Total Male
984 1022 1970 353
998 1299 2297 538
219  296  515 225
952  892 1844 927
1378  909 2287 274
1162 1331 2493 220
   64    86   150 206
 902  581 1483 385
6659 6416 13039 3128
Total farmers participated 36633+6076 (on campus) = 42709